A family-focused long-term care residence
WHAT IS THE RANCHO LOS AMIGOS SCALE ?
The minimally conscious state (MCS) is a relatively new category of disorders of consciousness, defined in 1997, and is believed to be five to eight times as common as persistent vegetative state (PVS), defined in 1994. By definition, a person in a minimally conscious state is partially conscious, knows the source of sounds and visual stimulation, responds to commands now and then, vocalizes at times, shows emotion and may reach for objects.¹ The MCS is a higher level of consciousness than coma or vegetative state, and patients are more stable and likely to survive for many years-- and even progress. Although at least 80 percent of brain injury survivors will reach the higher levels of recovery, a small percentage will not progress. Functional neuro-imaging studies indicate that these patients retain some high-level cognitive functions and responses.²
¹Giacino, et al. The minimally conscious state: definition and diagnosis criteria. Neurology. 2002 Feb 12; 58(3):349-53
²Monti MN, Coleman MR, Owen AM. Executive functions in the absence of behavior: functional imaging of the mcs. Prog Brain Res 2009; 177:249-260
WHAT IS THE MINIMALLY